This is a descriptive term used to indicate a clinical syndrome, where in the patient has a restricted range of active and passive glenohumeral motion i.e. shoulder joint movement. The pathological changes in frozen shoulder are due to degeneration and focal necrosis of the supraspinous tendon. With revascularization, the tendon pathology could resolve. With in-adequate vascular response, the tendons would continue to degenerate, developing tears of varying size, or a secondary biceps tendinitis could develop. In this condition, pain and stiffness of the shoulder joint are the cardinal symptom leading to inability or loss of function of affected upper limb.
Ayurveda for frozen shoulder
Frozen shoulder can be compared to the Apabahuka in Ayurveda. When vitiated Vaata Dosha lodges in shoulder joint (Amsa Sandhi) it does the shoshana (adhesiveness between articular membranes) that makes the joint painful and restriction to movements. Based on conditions various treatment modalities like Nasyam, Snehapanam, Dhaara, Navarakkizhi, etc. are followed.